Stephan Bax argues that, "Our aim should be to attain a state of `normalisation' in which the technology is invisible and truly integrated"
CALL was divided into three phases which are "behaviouristic", "communicative" and "integrative". Despite that, Steven changed the term "phases" into "approaches". He said that they were not in three different histrical times so they should not be called "phases". After that, he started to change the whole names of the three approaches. First, he changed the "behaviouristic approach" into the" restricted approach" because he believed that this term is more accurate. Second, he called the "communicative CALL" as the "open CALL" because it is open to all the dimensions. Third, he made the "integrative CALL" becomes the "integrated CALL" and the reason is he thinks that it represents a goal to which we should be working. After that, Steven stated that we did not reach "normalisation" yet. He said that we will reach that point when technology becomes a part of our daily life that is not invisible to us such as anything else that we got used to it in our daily routine. That way, we may say that technologies are "normalised".
Mainly, we Saudis use computers a lot. We have a good idea about technology. I believe we are able to include technology in our education since we have all the factors and materials to make such a technological educational environment. However, technology is still mostly not used in our education. Learning is still based on the teacher's traditional way of controlling. We have a very small number of schools, mostly private ones, which use computers or technological devices in teaching. This lead me to the fact that it is very difficult to apply the idea of "normalisation" in Saudi Arabia. I believe we need a lot of stages to develop. This development may take years, or even more. Moreover, the ideas of the teachers must be changed as a whole. teachers must take the first step towards "normalisation" by using technology even in the very basic way, as a beginning of the development. In conclusion, I strongly believe that we may apply Bax's idea of "normalisation" one day. All what we have to do is working on developing our selves and have faith in our abilities.